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Census Bureau News -- Profile America Facts for Features: Women's History Month: March 2012

 

 

WASHINGTON, Feb. 29, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- National Women's History Month's roots go back to March 8, 1857, when women from New York City factories staged a protest over working conditions. International Women's Day was first observed in 1909, but it wasn't until 1981 that Congress established National Women's History Week to be commemorated the second week of March. In 1987, Congress expanded the week to a month. Every year since, Congress has passed a resolution for Women's History Month, and the President has issued a proclamation.

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157.0 million
The number of females in the United States according to the 2010 Census. The number of males was 151.8 million.
Source: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1

At 85 and older, there were more than twice as many women as men.
Source: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010
http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1

Motherhood

85.4 million
Estimated number of mothers in the United States in 2009.
Source: Unpublished data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 2008

2.3
Average number of children that women 40 to 44 had given birth to as of 2008, down from 3.4 children in 1976, the year the Census Bureau began collecting such data.
Source: CPS numbers published in the White House report on women in America http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/rss_viewer/Women_in_America.pdf

The percentage of women in this age group who had given birth was 81 percent in 2010, down from 90 percent in 1976.
Source: Fertility of American Women: 2010 table 1 and Historical table 2
http://www.census.gov/hhes/fertility/data/cps/

Earnings                       

$36,931
The median annual earnings of women 15 or older who worked year-round, full time, in 2010, unchanged from 2009.
Source: Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010
http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/p60-239.pdf

Education

30.7 million
Number of women 25 and older with a bachelor's degree or more in 2010, higher than the corresponding number for men (29.2 million). Women had a larger share of high school diplomas (including equivalents), as well as associate, bachelor's and master's degrees. More men than women had a professional or doctoral degree.
Source: Educational Attainment in the United States: 2010
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2010/tables.html

29.6%  
Percent of women 25 and older who had obtained a bachelor's degree or more as of 2010. Source: Educational Attainment in the United States: 2010
http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2010/tables.html

11.3 million
Number of college students in fall 2010 who were women. 
Source: School Enrollment in the United States: 2010
http://www.census.gov/hhes/school/data/cps/2010/tables.html

Businesses

$1.2 trillion
Revenue for women-owned businesses in 2007.
Source: Survey of Business Owners: Women-Owned Businesses: 2007
http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/

7.8 million
The number of women-owned businesses in 2007.
Source: Survey of Business Owners: Women-Owned Businesses: 2007
http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/

7.5 million
Number of people employed by women-owned businesses in 2007.
Nearly half of all women-owned businesses (45.9 percent) operated in repair and maintenance; personal and laundry services; health care and social assistance; and professional, scientific and technical services. Women-owned businesses accounted for 52.0 percent of all businesses operating in the health care and social assistance sector.
Source: Survey of Business Owners: Women-Owned Businesses: 2007
http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/

4
Number of states with at least 500,000 women-owned businesses in 2007 were California, Texas, New York and Florida. California had 1.0 million women-owned businesses, Texas had 609,947 or 7.8 percent of all women-owned businesses in the United States, New York had 594,517 or 7.6 percent, and Florida had 581,045, or 7.4 percent.
Source: Survey of Business Owners: Women-Owned Businesses: 2007
http://www.census.gov/econ/sbo/

Voting

46.2%
Percentage of female citizens 18 and older who reported voting in the 2010 congressional election. Forty-five percent of their male counterparts cast a ballot. Additionally, 66.6 percent of female citizens reported being registered to vote.
Source: Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2010
http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/socdemo/voting/publications/p20/2010/tables.html

Jobs

58.6%
Percentage of females 16 and older who participated in the labor force, representing about 71.9 million women, in 2010.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey: Annual Average 2010
http://www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm#women

40.6%
Percent of employed females 16 and older who worked in management, professional and related occupations, compared with 34.2 percent of employed males.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey: Annual Average 2010
http://www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm#women

Military 

205,500
Total number of active duty women in the military, as of Sept. 30, 2010. Of that total, 38,700 women were officers, and 166,800 were enlisted.
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Selected Manual Statistics, annual, and unpublished data.

Marriage

64.9 million
Number of married women 18 and older (including those who were separated or had an absent spouse) in 2011.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements: 2011
http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam/cps2011.html

5 million
Number of stay-at-home mothers nationwide in 2010.
Source: Families and Living Arrangements: 2010.
http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/families_households/cb10-174.html; Table
SHP-1 http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html 

Following is a list of observances typically covered by the Census Bureau's Facts for Features series:

African-American History Month (February)                                 Labor Day
Super Bowl                                                                              Grandparents Day
Valentine's Day (Feb. 14)                                                          Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15-Oct. 15)
Women's History Month (March)                                                Unmarried and Single Americans Week
Irish-American Heritage Month (March)/                                      Halloween (Oct. 31)
  St. Patrick's Day (March 17)                                                    American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month
Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month (May)                               (November) 
Older Americans Month (May)                                                   Veterans Day (Nov. 11) 
Cinco de Mayo (May 5)                                                             Thanksgiving Day
Mother's Day                                                                            The Holiday Season (December)                                         
Hurricane Season Begins (June 1)                                                   
Father's Day                                                                          
The Fourth of July (July 4)
Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (July 26)
Back to School (August)                                                                                                               

Editor's note: The preceding data were collected from a variety of sources and may be subject to sampling variability and other sources of error. Facts for Features are customarily released about two months before an observance in order to accommodate magazine production timelines. For any information cited for the Statistical Abstract, users should check with the originating organization  to see whether the data presented here have been superseded by more recent data. Questions or comments should be directed to the Census Bureau's Public Information Office: telephone: 301-763-3030; fax: 301-763-3762; or e-mail: pio@census.gov.                                           

Contact: Public Information Office
301-763-3030
pio@census.gov 

 

SOURCE U.S. Census Bureau

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