Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2013-2023
NEW YORK, May 9, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2013-2023
This is the only report on supercapacitors and supercabatteries with up to date ten year forecasts and analysis of market, emerging applications, technology, patent and profit trends and the manufacturers and researchers involved.
55% of the manufacturers and intending manufacturers of supercapacitors/supercabatteries (EDLC, AEDLC) are in East Asia, 28% are in North America but Europe is fast asleep at only 7%. Yet, being used for an increasing number of purposes in electric vehicles, mobile phones, energy harvesting, renewable energy and other products of the future, this market is roaring up to over $11 billion in ten years with considerable upside potential.
This report concerns Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (EDLCs). For brevity, we mainly use the second most popular word for them - supercapacitors. The third most popular term for them - ultracapacitors - is often used in heavy electrical applications. Included in the discussion and forecasts are so-called Asymmetric Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors (AEDLCs) better known as supercabatteries.
Supercapacitors are a curiously neglected aspect of electronics and electrical engineering with a multi-billion dollar market rapidly emerging. For example, for land, water and airborne electric vehicles, there are about 200 serious traction motor manufacturers and 110 serious traction battery suppliers compared to just a few supercapacitor manufacturers. In all, there are no more than 66 significant supercapacitor manufacturers with most concentrating on the easier small ones for consumer electronics such as power backup. However, in a repetition of the situation with rechargeable batteries, the largest part of the market has just become the heavy end, notably for electric and conventional vehicles.
Supercapacitors and supercabatteries mainly have properties intermediate between those of batteries and traditional capacitors but they are being improved more rapidly than either. That includes improvement in cost and results in them not just being used to enhance batteries but even replacing batteries and capacitors in an increasing number of applications from renewable energy down to microscopic electronics. For example, your mobile phone may have better sound and flash that works at ten times the distance because a supercapacitor has taken over these functions from conventional capacitors.
Supercapacitors are replacing batteries where such properties as excellent low temperature performance, calendar and cycle life, fast charge-discharge and reliability are more dominant issues than size and weight. Examples of this include power backup opening bus doors in an emergency, working hybrid car brakes when power goes down and keeping electronic circuits running. Conventional trucks are having one to three of their lead acid batteries replaced with drop-in supercapacitor alternatives that guarantee starting in very cold weather, when lead acid batteries are very poor performers. The difference is dramatic- about 5% energy loss occurs at minus 25 degrees centigrade, compared to a battery's energy loss of more than 50%. Some pure electric buses even run on supercapacitors alone recharging through the road every five kilometres or so. Use of supercapacitors to protect batteries against fast charge and discharge and from deep discharge means smaller batteries are needed and they last longer, depressing battery demand and increasing supercapacitor demand.
The bottom line is that almost everywhere you see next generation electronic and power technology you see supercapacitors and supercabatteries being fitted or planned because of superior performance, cost-over-life and fit-and-forget.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS1.1. A huge opportunity but a relatively neglected sector1.1.1. Relative pace of improvement1.2. Objectives of further development1.2.1. Most promising routes1.2.2. Geographical and product emphasis.1.3. Forecasting assumptions1.4. Reality checks1.5. Upside potential1.5.1. Applications1.5.2. Replacing some batteries1.6. AEDLC/supercabatteries1.7. The technology and its future1.7.1. Comparison with capacitors and batteries1.7.2. Replacing lead-acid and NiCd batteries1.7.3. Most promising improvements ahead1.7.4. Aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes1.7.5. Prospect of radically different battery and capacitor shapes2. INTRODUCTION2.1. Nomenclature2.2. Batteries and capacitors converge2.2.1. What is a battery?2.2.2. Battery history2.2.3. Analogy to a container of liquid2.2.4. Construction of a battery2.2.5. Many shapes of battery2.2.6. Single use vs rechargeable batteries2.2.7. What is a capacitor?2.2.8. Capacitor history2.2.9. Analogy to a spring2.2.10. Capacitor construction2.2.11. Supercapacitor construction2.2.12. Limitations of energy storage devices2.2.13. Battery safety2.2.14. A glimpse at the new magic2.3. Improvement in performance taking place with components2.4. History2.5. What does a supercapacitor for small devices look like?2.6. Supercapacitors and supercabattery basics2.6.1. Basic geometry2.6.2. Charging2.6.3. Discharging and cycling2.6.4. Energy density2.6.5. New shapes2.6.6. Achieving higher voltages2.6.7. Laminar biodegradable option3. SUPERCAPACITOR AND SUPERCABATTERY DEVELOPMENT ROADMAP3.1. Objectives3.1.1. Cost reduction3.1.2. Most promising routes3.2. Better electrolytes and electrodes3.2.1. Oshkosh Nanotechnology3.2.2. Better carbon technologies3.3. Carbon nanotubes3.3.1. Carbon aerogel3.3.2. Solid activated carbon3.3.3. Y-Carbon USA3.3.4. Carbide derived carbon3.4. Graphene3.4.1. Fast charging is achieved3.4.2. Graphene Energy3.5. Prevention of capacity fading3.6. Microscopic supercapacitors become possible3.7. Flexible, paper and transparent supercapacitors3.7.1. University of Southern California3.7.2. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute USA3.8. National University of Singapore: a competitor for supercapacitors?3.9. Supercabattery developments4. APPLICATIONS IN VEHICLES4.1. Buses and trucks4.1.1. Much better cold start and battery use in trucks4.1.2. Maxwell Technologies' view4.1.3. Cap-XX view4.1.4. Engine Start Module for Trucks4.1.5. Capabus: electric buses without batteries4.1.6. Oshkosh military truck without batteries4.1.7. Why supercapacitors instead of batteries?4.1.8. Regenerative Braking Systems for industrial and commercial vehicles4.1.9. Fork lifts, cranes regen, peak power, battery life improvement4.2. Range extender support4.3. Ten year forecast for electric cars, hybrids and their range extenders4.4. Hybrid and pure electric vehicles compared4.5. Hybrid market drivers4.6. What will be required of a range extender 2012-20224.7. Three generations of range extender4.8. Why range extenders need lower power over the years4.9. Energy harvesting - mostly ally not alternative4.10. Key trends for range extended vehicles4.11. Electric vehicle demonstrations and adoption4.12. Hybrid electric vehicles4.13. USCAR USA4.14. Racing cars4.15. Folding e-bike4.16. Railway engine power recuperation4.17. Siemens Germany4.18. Supercapacitors for fuel cell vehicles - HyHEELS & ILHYPOS5. IMPROVING MOBILE PHONES AND OTHER ELECTRONICS5.1. Long distance camera flash5.2. Handling surge power in electronics5.3. Wireless systems and Burst-Mode Communications5.4. Energy harvesting5.4.1. Bicycles and wristwatches5.4.2. Industrial electronics: vibration harvesters5.4.3. Extending mobile phone use5.4.4. Human power to recharge portable electronics6. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND OTHER APPLICATIONS6.1. Renewable energy6.2. The Challenges and Solutions6.3. NREL USA6.4. Quick Charge Hand Tools7. PATENT TRENDS7.1. The PatAnalyse/ IDTechEx patent search strategy7.1.1. Revealing many underlying business and scientific trends7.1.2. Absolute and normalised patent maps7.2. Generic Supercapacitor technologies7.2.1. Top 50 Assignees vs Technical categories7.2.2. Top 50 Assignees vs Priority Years7.2.3. Technical categories vs Priority Years7.2.4. Countries of origin vs Priority Years7.2.5. Technical categories vs Countries of origin7.3. Technical categories vs National Patent Office Country8. PROFILES OF 66 MANUFACTURERS8.1. Ada Technologies USA8.2. Advanced Capacitor Technologies Japan8.3. Asahi Kasei-FDK Japan8.4. AVX Mexico8.5. Bainacap China8.6. Baoding Yepu New Energy China8.7. Beijing HCC Energy Tech China8.8. Cap-XX Australia8.9. CDE Cornell Dubilier USA8.10. Cellergy Israel8.11. Chaoyang Liyuan New Energy China8.12. Cooper Bussmann USA8.13. Daying Juneng Technology and Development China8.14. Dongguan Amazing Electronic China8.15. Dongguan Fuhui Electronics Sales China8.16. Dongguan Gonghe Electronics China8.17. Dongguan WIN WIN Supercap Electronic China8.18. East Penn Manufacturing Co. USA8.19. Ecoult Australia8.20. Elbit Energy Israel8.21. ELIT Russia8.22. ESMA Russia8.23. Evans Capacitor Company USA8.24. FastCAP Systems USA8.25. FDK Corp Japan8.26. Furukawa Battery Co Japan8.27. GHC Electronic Co China8.28. Graphene Energy Inc USA8.29. Handong Heter Battery China8.30. Hangzhou Kai Fou Ultracapacitor China8.31. Harbin Jurong Newpower China8.32. Hitachi Japan8.33. Honda Japan8.34. Illinois Capacitor USA8.35. IoxusUSA8.36. JM Energy Corp Japan8.37. KAM China8.38. Kankyo Japan8.39. Korchip Korea8.40. Maxwell Technologies USA8.41. Meidensha Corp. Japan8.42. Murata Japan8.43. Nanotecture, UK8.44. Nanotune Technologies USA8.45. NEC Tokin Japan8.46. Nesscap Energy Inc Korea8.47. Nichicon Japan8.48. Nippon Chemi-con Japan8.49. Panasonic Japan8.50. Paper Battery Company USA8.51. PowerSystem Co Japan8.52. Quantum Wired USA8.53. Ryan Technology Taiwan8.54. SAFT France8.55. Shandong Heter Lampson Electronic China8.56. Shanghai Aowei Technology Development China8.57. Shanghai Green Tech China8.58. Shanghai Power Oriental International Trade China8.59. Shenzhen Forecon Super Capacitor Technology China8.60. Sino Power Star China8.61. Skeleton Technologies/ Tartu Technologies Estonia8.62. SPL USA8.63. Taiyo Yuden Japan8.64. Tavrima Canada8.65. Vina Technology Co Korea8.66. WIMA Spezialvertrieb Elektronischer Bauelemente Germany9. GLOSSARYAPPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCYAPPENDIX 2 USING A SUPERCAPACITOR TO MANAGE YOUR POWERAPPENDIX 3 INTRODUCTION TO PRINTED ELECTRONICSTo order this report:Battery Industry: Electrochemical Double Layer Capacitors: Supercapacitors 2013-2023
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